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Atlas de la Ciencia Mexicana
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In this new digital edict of the Atlas of Mexican Science (ACM) we remarked its original mission to become a reliable source of statistical information on Mexican activity in the fields of science and technology. On this occasion we have expanded the coverage on the production and repercussion of that of Mexican science in the period 1900-2013. We have the already traditional sections on the global indicators for the periods 1900-1979 and 1980-2013, the section with indicators by area of ​​knowledge and by federative entity. We also include the section with updated data on the National System of Researchers (SNI). Among the novelties included in this edition 2014 is the evolution of the number of researchers by specialty and area of ​​the taste. with appreciable increases in almost all areas between the 2009 data and the new data for 2013. We have induced this time for the first time. data on the number of patents registered at the Mexican Institute of Intellectual Property (IMPI) for the period 2008-2013, and with emphasis on the number of applications filed by Mexican residents. The numerical data we have compiled for this edition are detailed in our website:

Through this electronic address it will be possible to maintain a communication between the public and our work team, receive messages with requests for more specific information or corrections, additions or updates of that data.


Areas of knowledge

In order to systematically present the information we have generated in the ACM, we decided to group it into ten areas of knowledge: biological sciences, physical sciences, chemical sciences, earth sciences. mathematics. engineering. medicine. agro-sciences. social sciences and humanities. Each one of these areas is subdivided in turn in specialties that locate with more precision the activity of each investigator. In some cases it is not possible to locate a specialty in only one of the ten areas of knowledge: for example, physicochemical or physicomathematics are specialties shared by more than one area. In these cases we prefer to duplicate the information about publications and citations but not the data about the academic plant: each researcher was assigned to only one of the ten areas of knowledge. When the information from the researcher came from the SNI. we decided to take the area that he himself selected in his academic record. In the other cases, the assignment of a researcher to a specific area was determined by their institutional affiliation: department, school, institute, etc.


Academic plant


This time we included information on 20,000 researchers in the ten areas of knowledge. most of the academic records of these researchers come from the SNI databases. In many cases we complete the academic information of the researchers directly consulting the electronic portals of the institutions that carry out research projects. In the electronic portal of the ACM we have located two catalogs of researchers: on the part of the researchers who are affiliated to Mexican institutions, and separately a catalog of Mexican researchers located in foreign institutions. Their respective records came from SNI data that now has a special registry for these researchers. Given the extension of these catalogs, we have only included the hypertext version on our website.


Scientific production and impact


The basic bibliographic information we used to document the Mexican production of original articles in mainstream magazines comes from the electronic banks of the Thomson Reuter lnstitut: Science Citation lndex, Social Science Citation lndex. Arts & Humanities Citation lndex and the Journal Citation Reports, that is, what is now known as web of Science (WoS). The same happens with the statistical information that we generated for the citations to those articles. We wish to highlight the work developed by our group of collaborators in bibliometrics that allowed to include in this edition. both the information on the production of research articles and the quotations that have generated in the international indices.


Global indicators


In this section we have included the statistical information that allows to contrast the development of the ten areas of knowledge. We have indicators on the academic training of researchers, distributions by gender, academic area, geography and the level of geographical deconcentration in each of the academic areas. For the data retrieved on Mexican scientific production in the first half of the 20th century, we generated a series of maps on the collaboration that was presented between the different authors in each area of ​​knowledge and that allows to appreciate the degree of integration of the scientific community in the first stage of activity of Mexican science. We close this section with an indicator that contrasts the scientific development of each federative entity with its economic development. We consider that this indicator allows to highlight the federal entities that have had a scientific and cultural tradition in spite of not having a sustained economic development.


Indicators by federal entities


In this edition we decided to concentrate the statistical information generated for each area of knowledge so that it is easier to have an integral view of the different aspects of each one of them. We have distributions of researchers by specialty, geographic and institutional, as well as the countries and institutions where they obtained their doctorate degree. The evolution of scientific production and impact in each area can be clearly seen when comparing the data that we have recorded in the periods 1980-1989, 1990-1999, 2000-2009 and 2010-2013. In particular, during this period it is possible to identify the maturation of two academic sectors: the state universities and the Conacyt centers.

National System of Researchers

We have included a series of statistical tables that allow us to directly assess the evolution of the SNI by area of ​​knowledge, by academic level and by federal entity. This information was provided by the National System of Researchers.

Finally, we must mention that we have systematically used the acronyms and acronyms of the Mexican institutions that develop research programs. In this issue we do not include an index of these acronyms and acronyms because the electronic portal of the ACM have integrated these indices broadly. We hope readers are familiar with these terms and so it is faster to appreciate the tables and figures with the statistical information that we have included in this edition. Likewise, we have included in our electronic portal the relations of the institutions that we have grouped in the following sectors in each area of ​​knowledge: state universities, universities and private higher education institutions, Conacyt centers, national laboratories, agricultural sector, health sector , private laboratories and technological institutes. Due to the weight of its contribution to the national scientific activity, the percentage contributions of the following institutions are shown explicitly: UNAM, IPN, UAM, Cinvestav, Colmex and CIMMyT.

Indicators by Federative Entity

On this occasion, we have the support of the following institutions, which has allowed us to continue developing the generation of statistical bases and indicators on Mexican activity in science and technology and, of course, the publication of ACM 2014 in its printed, CD and on our website:

  • Mexican Academy of Sciences
  • IPN Research and Advanced Studies Center
  • Mathematics Research Center
  • National Council of Science and Technology
  • Scientific and Technological Advisory Forum
  • Autonomous Institute of Mexico
  • Thematic Network on Complexity, Science and Society
  • Thematic Network on High Energy Physics
  • Secretary of Cienda. Technology and Innovation of the Federal District
  • National Autonomous University of Mexico



Miguel Ángel Pérez Angón

September of 2012





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